The German Air Traffic Regulations (LuftVO) require a Proof of Knowledge for model pilots who want to operate their model aircraft within the privileged framework of a model aviation association. With a self-explanatory online tool, the German Model Aviation Association offers its members and guest pilots the opportunity to acquire this Proof of Knowledge easily and securely with just a few clicks of the mouse.
With the granted operating license according to Article 16 of DVO (EU) 2019/947, DMFV e.V. is instructed by the Luftfahrt-Bundesamt to issue the certificate (Proof of Knowledge) of participation in an appropriate training course.
The obtained certificate entitles its holder to control a model aircraft with a take-off mass of more than 2 kg or at an altitude of more than 120m within the scope of the operating permit of the DMFV – on and off model flying sites. The Proof of Knowledge is valid exclusively in the Federal Republic of Germany for the use of model airplanes and multicopters within visual range in the sports and recreational area!
Pilot licenses for man-carrying aircraft or certificates of competence issued by the LBA are not valid within the scope of the associations’ model aircraft operations.
With the “Act on the Adaptation of National Regulations to the Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/947 of 24 May 2019 on the Rules and Procedures for the Operation of Unmanned Aircraft”, which came into force on 18 June 2021, the regulations from the 2017 Air Traffic Regulations have been largely retained for the members of DMFV and MFSD and have not been tightened. The relevant paragraphs of the LuftVO and the operating permit of the respective association, which was issued on July 6, 2022, apply as the basis for model flight in the associations.
A Proof of Knowledge is required to operate a model aircraft at altitudes of more than 120 meters above ground or with a takeoff weight of more than 2 kilograms. This applies to flying on and off model flight sites.
According to the operating license granted to the DMFV by the Luftfahrt-Bundesamt, the association can issue Proofs of Knowledge for model aircraft pilots from the age of seven. For underage graduates, the consent of the legal representative must be presented upon request.
The Proof of Knowledge is valid for five years and costs 25,- Euro plus VAT (incl. VAT: 26,75 Euro) according to the official fee schedule.
On June 18, 2021, the Air Traffic Regulations (LuftVO) amended by the responsible Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) – now BMDV – came into force. Part of this “Law on the Adaptation of National Regulations to the Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/947 of May 24, 2019 on the Rules and Procedures for the Operation of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles” also includes requirements for the operation of privately used model aircraft within the framework of air sports associations such as the DMFV insofar as they are holders of an operating license pursuant to Art. 16 DVO (EU) 2019/947. With date of 06.07.2022 the DMFV has received the necessary operating license from the Luftfahrt-Bundesamt (LBA).
Regardless of whether it is a fixed-wing, helicopter, paraglider, parachutist or rocket model, a model balloon or a multicopter, a certificate of proficiency is required in accordance with Section 21f (2) LuftVO for piloting a model aircraft with a take-off mass of more than 2 kilograms. The same applies in accordance with the operating permit of the LBA for the operation of model aircraft at an altitude of more than 120 m above ground. The obligation to complete a Proof of Knowledge exists for the operation of model aircraft on and outside of model airfields.
According to § 21f para. 2 clause 2 LuftVO the German Model Aviation Association e.V. (DMFV) is authorized to issue the Proof of Knowledge
With this certificate, the owner is certified to have knowledge of the basics of the use and navigation of model aircraft, the relevant legal principles and the local airspace regulations.
The validity period of the Proof of Knowledge is 5 years. According to the official scale of fees binding for the DMFV, the Proof of Knowledge costs 25,- Euro plus 7 percent VAT, i.e. a total of 26,75 Euro.
Please note that the applicant must have reached the age of seven to be able to obtain a Proof of Knowledge. If the applicant is a minor, the consent of the legal representative must be proven.
In the following briefing, the term model aircraft is regularly used. This includes all categories of model aircraft listed above. Should there be special rules for a particular category, such as drones/multicopters, this will be explicitly pointed out.
In addition to these general provisions and principles, the specific local conditions should and must be taken into account on a regular basis. The descriptions and definitions result in particular from §§ 21 ff. Luftverkehrsordnung (LuftVO) as well as from the Luftverkehrsgesetz (LuftVG), Luftverkehr-Zulassungs-Ordnung (LuftVZO), the operating license issued by the LBA according to Art. 16 DVO (EU) 2019/947 and the guideline “Modellflugbetrieb im DMFV”. Other relevant regulations and standards originate from the Ordinance on Aviation Personnel (LuftPersV), the Ordinance on the Assignment of Air Sports Associations (BeauftrV), the Implementing Regulation (EU) No. 923/2012 (SERA), the Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/947, the German Basic Law (GG), the Act on Copyright in Works of Fine Arts and Photography (KunstUrhG), and the Notices to Airmen (NfL) of the German Air Traffic Control (DFS).
The following learning units concern model aircraft operation within the framework of the DMFV. Regulations and requirements of the open category according to DVO (EU) 2019/947 are not considered, unless they exceptionally apply to the operation within the framework of the DMFV.
A list of all abbreviations that appear in this instruction can be found here: List of abbreviations